The leaves are lobed and the flowers are yellow. The sugar maple tree may grow to a height of 40 metres (130 feet). Plant A Sugar Maple Tree. It has been used in the treatment of coughs, diarrhoea etc. at the location and the soil should be sandy to loamy. The Sugar Maple also plays an important … Vermont produces the most maple syrup in the U.S. After maple sap is boiled and syrup is produced, maple sugar remains. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. It is native to the hardwood forests of eastern Canada, from Nova Scotia west through southern Quebec, central and southern Ontario to southeastern Manitoba around Lake of the Woods, and northcentral and northeastern United States, from Minnesota eastward to Maine and southward to northern Virginia, Tennessee and Missouri. That’s why it is used to make furniture and cabinets. I know it was expensive, so I would like to use it for something special. People mix, dry, and process the sap to create maple sugar, or put it through an alternative process that turns it into maple syrup. Acer saccharum, the sugar maple or rock maple, is a species of flowering plant in the soapberry and lychee family Sapindaceae. In the sugar maple's native cold climates, the best time to plant is usually early fall. Maple syrup isn’t just something that’s expensive because it’s a hot commodity. Special Uses. Maple syrup is made from the sap and wildlife consumes the fruits/seeds. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Maple sugar was among the great staples in the domestic economy and was a commodity of intertribal commerce being traded to people of tribes in areas not possessing this tree. If necessary, protect the tree by painting the trunk and newly exposed branches with white latex paint. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/plant/sugar-maple, Herbarium - Cofrin Center for Biodiversity - University of Wisconsin Green Bay - Sugar Maple, Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources - Sugar Maple, How Stuff Works - Home and Garden - Sugar Maple, United State Department of Agriculture - Acer saccharum Marsh - Sugar Maple. NOW 50% OFF! Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →. About 115 to 190 litres (30 to 50 gallons) of sap yield 4 litres (around 1 gallon) of syrup. Hard maple ought to be considered the king of the Acer genus. Gilmore, Melvin R., 1933, Some Chippewa Uses of Plants, Ann Arbor. It is used for cabinets, furniture, and interior finishing. By composition, this sugar is about 90% sucrose, the remainder consisting of variable amounts of glucose and fructose. You can use maple sugar as a substitute for brown sugar or white cane sugar. Hard maple, aka sugar maple, has a hardness level of 1450 lb f on the Janka hardness scale, making it one of the harder wood species available. Sugar maple, large tree in the soapberry family (Sapindaceae), native to eastern North America and widely grown as an ornamental and shade tree. Coffee and Tea: Using maple sugar in coffee or tea is a great way to impart a subtle maple flavor into your morning joe. The main reason it is used in skin care is that it contains natural AHA acids, namely Malic and Tartaric, and hence why it supposedly helps slough off dead skin cells in combination with other acid-containing fruit extracts as part of the trade name ACB Fruit Mix. Alcoholic Beverages. Uses Sugar maple is the only tree today used for commercial syrup production, as its sap has twice the sugar content of other maple species. The most common maple tree medicine was crushed maple leaves on the soles of the feet to alleviate fever. These trees are also used in landscapes, but sugar maples aren’t appropriate for small gardens. All Rights Reserved. Maple Cranberry Cinnamon Rolls Crumb Kitchen. Several varieties of sugar maples are available; their leaf crowns may be columnar, oval, or pyramidal in shape, with dark green to yellowish leaves. It is used to make candy and as a flavoring agent for maple-flavored products. Pecan Maple Blue Cheese Bourbon Tart Good Foor Stories. It is in flower from April to May, and the seeds ripen from October to December. Boiled even further, the syrup turns into grainy dry bits: maple sugar. It is also a desirable firewood. A valuable hardwood, timber from sugar maples is used for furniture, flooring and general construction. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects. Acer saccharum is a deciduous Tree growing to 30 m (98ft) by 12 m (39ft) at a slow rate. The sweet-water sap from which maple syrup is made is different from the circulatory sap of the growing tree. Ideally, you should plant a sugar maple shortly before moderate rain is expected. Its leaves turn vivid shades of yellow and red in the fall. Maple syrup has more uses and nutritional benefits, than something that’s just flavored sugar (basically, corn syrup and a bunch of other crap). maple sugar, all purpose flour, extra virgin olive oil, eggs and 16 more. The trees are tapped early in the spring for the first flow of sap, which usually has the highest sugar content. Maple syrup is an important agricultural export in the northeastern U.S. and parts of Canada. Newly planted young sugar maples do best in moderate temperatures and need plenty of time to establish their root systems before the growing season. Your Morning Oats: There are days when I feel like maple sugar came about solely to join winter morning oats. Copyright Leaf Group Ltd. // Leaf Group Lifestyle. The bright red leaves of the sugar maple tree draw visitors from around the world. The fruits are paired samaras. Bare-rooted trees require more careful handling than container-grown plants. A variety of animal species feed on the bark or seeds of the Sugar Maple including White Tail Deer and Squirrels. Facts About Sugar Maple Trees. The syrup has long since been consumed with waffles, but I am not sure what to do with the maple sugar. It is native to five localities in the cloud forests of Mexico and Guatemala. Sugar maple has a high shade tolerance, which is exceeded by few other hardwoods. Britannica Kids Holiday Bundle! Updates? It is commercially important as a source of maple syrup, maple sugar, and hardwood lumber useful in furniture manufacture and flooring. Several other maple species are also known as sugar maples, including the Rocky mountain sugar maple (Acer grandidentatum), chalk maple (A. leucoderme), and black maple (A. nigrum). One of the best-known North American hardwood trees, sugar maples can grow to heights exceeding 100 feet. Tolerant of a many soil conditions, varieties can be grown throughout the eastern U.S. Sugar maples grow approximately 1 foot per year. Sugar maple’s leaves (pictured below) are the shape that most people associate with maple leaves; they typically have either 5 or 7 lobes, with vivid autumn coloring ranging from yellow to purplish red. Maple trees are usually grown in gardens as landscaping plants, owing to their beauty and their extensive branching system. As a result, the Sugar Maple is currently the only tree used for commercial syrup production. The sugar maples are found in almost all places in the United States. Here are some sweet facts and uses for maple syrup that may surprise you… It’s Expensive for Good Reason. Sugar maples planted in spring have less time to become established but can still survive. The Sugar Maple is botanically called Acer saccharum . Maple syrup is great for making a variety of alcoholic beverages. You might be well accustomed to maple syrup, that has an extensive use in making desserts. Height. Other Great Uses: 1. If you have enough maple syrup left over to play around with, give this idea a try. pure maple syrup, all purpose flour, vanilla extract, almond milk and 15 more. The wood … Osteoporosis: The calcium and magnesium in maple sugar can help to slow the loss of bone density that is the main characteristic of osteoporosis. If the forecast suggests a dry period, you might need to artificially irrigate the tree to help it root and stay healthy. Omissions? Longevity. Sugar maple, (Acer saccharum), also called hard maple or rock maple, large tree in the soapberry family (Sapindaceae), native to eastern North America and widely grown as an ornamental and shade tree. My first cooking know-how of grade-A syrup consisted of drenching fluffy waffles and masking the porkiness of … The sap of the Sugar Maple contains 2x the sugar content as other Maples. The sugar maple plays one of the most important roles of hardwoods in the economy. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. On a gentler side, it's sugar maple that becomes much of the furniture we call "Early American." A single tree may It is also the main source of maple syrup! People harvest the sap by embedding spigots deep into the tree and collecting the sap runoff. The trunk and autumn leaves of a large sugar maple (, A man and his son using a hand drill to tap a sugar maple tree (. Find the facts described below. The Tree is a deciduous tree, it will be up to 40 m (131 ft) high. Turners find figured sugar maple, particularly burls and intricately colored spalted stock, appealing for bowls. The tree likes Sun to half-shade,brown leaf margins indicate a lack of water. You can make an old-fashioned bourbon using maple syrup. Maple syrup is heated to about 265 degrees F and then stirred continuously until all of the steam works out of the hot syrup and it becomes a granulated form. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). 4. It is hardy to zone (UK) 3. Maple sugar is what remains after the sap of the sugar maple is boiled for longer than is needed to create maple syrup or maple taffy. The leaf of the sugar maple is the national emblem of Canada. WOOD PRODUCTS VALUE : Sugar maple wood is tough, durable, hard, heavy, and strong [36,68].It is well suited for many uses and is commonly used to make furniture, paneling, flooring, and veneer [18,42].It is also used for gunstocks, tool handles, plywood dies, cutting blocks, woodenware, novelty products, sporting goods, bowling pins, and musical instruments [12,36,42]. University of … The extract coming from the Sugar Maple tree, the one whose leaf is on the Canadian flag and gives us maple syrup. The sap, mostly collected in the spring, is concentrated by boiling or reverse osmosis, with about 35-40 liters of sap making 1 liter of syrup. Its three- to five-lobed leaves appear after the greenish yellow flowers of spring. Mature trees and stands of sugar maple can live for over four hundred years. Uses. Until recently the species was assessed as Vulnerable in regional and taxonomic red lists, however recent surveys have identified that the population within Jalisco, Mexico belongs to a separate… Those planted in the summer tend to suffer from heat and water stress, making this season a poor choice. It is commercially important as a source of maple syrup, maple sugar, and hardwood lumber useful in furniture manufacture and flooring. In the eastern United States, autumn brings an influx of tourists. Sugar is the most well-known use for maple trees. "Intensity" is Copyrighted by Flickr user: Sabby3000 ::travel mode:: be back soon! (Sabrina Mae) under the Creative Commons Attribution license. maple sugar in a way that allows the product to retain its natural moisture in its original airtight container helps maple sugar stay moist. It has a dense crown of leaves, which turn various shades of gold to scarlet in fall. The wood also shows up as cabinets, countertops, cutting boards, butcher block, and flooring. Sugar maple typically reaches heights of 80 to 120 feet, with a 40 to 50 foot spread. Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! Tolerant of a many soil conditions, varieties can be grown throughout the eastern U.S. Sugar maples grow approximately 1 foot per year. The dense, spreading crown of the sugar maple creates welcome shade. When the tree is dormant, the sweet-water sap will flow from any wound in the sapwood, such as a taphole, each time a period of freezing is followed by a period of thawing. When the water is gone, you’re left with delicious maple sugar. The sap contains 1.5 to 3 percent solids, mostly sucrose, but does not have the colour or flavour of maple syrup, which are imparted to the sap as it is concentrated by evaporation in open pans or boiled down. Newly planted young sugar maples do best in moderate temperatures and need plenty of time to establish their root systems before the growing season. The Sugar Maple species also plays a very important role in the ecosystem of many North American forests. Their moderately fast growth makes them a desirable landscaping tree. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Granulated maple sugar is the dry form of maple syrup. Maple Sugar. Fiddleback sugar maple has always been popular for the ba… Using granulated maple sugar is the most straight forward approach to getting this natural sugar into most common recipes. United States Forest Service: Sugar Maple, The Family Handyman: How to Plant a Maple Tree. The uses of maple wood will differ, depending on your project and the type of maple wood you have at your disposal. Common uses of maple sugar. Acer skutchii is the most southerly distributed of the North American Sugar Maples. The sugar maple tree is the principal source of maple sugar. Because granulated maple sugar is essentially the dry form of maple syrup and has no moisture, it can be substituted for equal parts. A member of the Aceraceae family, sugar maples are also known as hard maples or rock maples. I got a holiday gift box containing a bottle of maple syrup and a bag of maple sugar. Sugar maple is also widely planted as an ornamental. Corrections? Herb: Sugar Maple Latin name: Acer saccharum Synonyms: Acer saccharinum Family: Aceraceae (Maple Family) Medicinal use of Sugar Maple: A tea made from the inner bark is a blood tonic, diuretic and expectorant. After maple sap is boiled and syrup is produced, maple sugar remains. Due to this, hard maple is a popular choice for veneer, pulpwood, baseball bats, cutting boards, butcher blocks, musical instruments, and flooring manufacturers. Sugar maple wood is exceptionally dense and hard. One of the best-known North American hardwood trees, sugar maples can grow to heights exceeding 100 feet. The sap is collected and boiled or evaporated to a syrup. You simply replace one cup of cane sugar with one cup of granulated maple sugar. Known for its toughness and durability, sugar maple takes a pounding as bowling-lane surfaces, bowling pins, school desks, tool handles, and ladder rungs. Sugar maple wood is heavy, strong, and attractive. Once almost all the water has been boiled off, all that is left is a solid sugar. Maple sugar’s distinctive flavor makes it a perfect complement to a range of foods. Smooth grayish bark on the trunk and branches gradually furrows with age. 2. Newly planted young sugar maples do best in moderate temperatures and need plenty of time to establish their root systems before the growing season. Select varieties of sugar maple may only live for up to one hundred years. In the eastern United States, autumn brings an influx of tourists. Some trees develop special wood grain patterns such as bird’s-eye maple (with dots suggesting eyes of birds) and curly and fiddleback maple, with wavy and rippled grain, respectively. What is Maple Tree Good For? Sugar maple is best known for being the primary source of maple syrup Avoid planting when the ground is saturated from recent heavy rainfall or if there has been a long drought. It is used to make candy and as a flavoring agent for maple-flavored products. Further concentration by evaporation produces the maple sugar.
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