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prosopis common name

Flowers in Spring. Common Uses: Flooring, firewood, turned objects, cabinetry, and furniture. Effect on non-threatened fauna? It can be found in desert places where it can survive. It is used as food, medicine and wood. Prosopis. EOL Dynamic Hierarchy 0.9. “Prosopis spp. torreyana (L.D. Mesquite. Mesquite is also the most common name for Prosopis in the English language, for example, in many areas where it has been introduced in Asia, Australia and Africa. torreyana L. D. Benson Assessor: Chuck Chimera Data Entry Person: Chuck Chimera WRA Score 19 Questionaire : current 20090513 Designation: H(HPWRA) Status: Assessor Approved 101 Is the species highly … Average Dried Weight: 51 lbs/ft 3 (820 kg/m 3) Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC):.70, .82. Life. Scientific Name: Prosopis glandulosa. The flowers are pollinated by Bees. Lagonychium, Greek lagos, "a hare;" onychium, onyx, "a claw," stephaniana, Greek stephane, something which surrounds or encircles, hence "wreath or crown." Scientific Name. Reference taxon from ILDIS in Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Savannah land, especially in mesophytic woodland[491 ]. [pdf]. Preferred Names. Prosopis alba fruticosa (Hauman) Monticelli. Cultivated tree Photograph by: Luigi Guarino. Infraspecies recognized by GBIF classification. A very generic term that has been applied to this species is simply “mesquite”—though in the United States, the term usually refers to Honey Mesquite. Has perfect flowers (male and … Workability: Working properties are largely dictated by the quality of the wood itself. overview; data; names; Scientific Names. Rot Resistance: Prosopis juliflora is considered durable to very durable regarding decay resistance, though it is susceptible to insect attack. Inflorescence Photograph by: O. M. Montiel. CHILEAN MESQUITE, ALGARROBO. Curated hierarchies for Prosopis nuda Schinini. Fluorescence: A Secret Weapon in Wood Identification, Bow Woods (from a mathematical perspective), Brazilian Rosewood, East Indian, and Other Rosewoods, Genuine Lignum Vitae and Argentine Lignum Vitae, BOOK: WOOD! Glues, turns, and finishes well. Full names, synonyms, and classification of plants were found online from catalogueoflife.org and theplantlist.org using a script. Prosopis cineraria, also known as ‘Ghaf, is a species of flowering tree in the pea family, Fabaceae.It is native to arid portions of Western Asia and the Indian Subcontinent, including Afghanistan, Bahrain, Iran, India, Oman, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates and Yemen.Its leaves are shattered and stripy along its branch. The status of the 139 names (including infraspecific names) for the genus Prosopis recorded in The Plant List, are as follows: Status Total Accepted: 54: 38.8% Synonym: 63: 45.3% Unplaced: 0: 0% Unassessed: 22: 15.8%: A further 2 name records indicate where names have been misapplied. Prosopis glandulosa Torr. Comments: Prosopis juliflora is known by a multitude of common names, though not one of them seems to be predominant (or intelligible) in the United States. Pale yellow flowers are followed by brown seedpods. Derivation of the botanical name: Prosopis, Greek name for the burdock, but unknown why it applies to this plant. glandulosa (Torr.) Distribution: Southwestern North America. Sustainability: This wood species is not listed in the CITES Appendices or on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Lagonychium, Greek lagos, "a hare;" onychium, onyx, "a claw," stephaniana, Greek stephane, something which surrounds or encircles, hence "wreath or crown." Core Eudicots. Grain tends to be straight or wavy. var. Datasheet of Prosopis juliflora (PRCJU) General . Width: 30 feet. The generic common name for Prosopis is 'mezquite' in Mexico and 'mesquite' in the USA, originating from the original Nahuatl Indian name from Mexico, 'misquitl' meaning 'bark that tans'. Johnst. Name and classification. Prosopis oblonga Benth. Pictures of plants were selected from a database using a script. English: Prosopis pallida (syn. Spreading with a Low Canopy. velutina SCS PLANT CODE : POVE COMMON NAMES : velvet mesquite TAXONOMY : The currently accepted scientific name of velvet mesquite is Prosopis velutina Woot. Interbreeding of Prosopis species often gives rise to less desirable growth forms. Syrian mesquite (Prosopis farcta) with oblong pods taken from Rawdat Al Faras Research Station (RAFRS) near Al Zubara Road. velutina. It looks like your browser does not have JavaScript enabled. The short bole is often twisted, it can be up to 70cm in diameter Qatar, May 29, 2015. Iron tree: Family: Fabaceae: USDA hardiness: 10-12: Known Hazards: The pounded dry fruits are suitable as a fish poison[418 ]. Also in Saudi Arabia. Pale yellow flowers are followed by brown seedpods. juliflora. Larger boards free from defects are uncommon. Fabaceae. velutina Prosopis chilensis var. The tree is known by a range of other names in various parts of the world, including alga… These species and hybrids have been listed as invasive species in terms of the Alien and Invasive Species Regulations (AIS), National Environmental Management: Biodiversity Act (Act No 10 of 2004). In dense populations, these form bushy or shrub-like plants, whose shade is inaccessible, and which hardly produce flowers or pods for nectar or fodder, thus laying the land waste. It branches freely and its wood is hard and reddish, with brown and fissured bark. Prosopis juliflora var. Plant Name. The initial focus of the biological control programme of mesquite in South Africa was to reduce the viable seed load in an attempt to retain some of the beneficial properties of this tree, whilst retarding further invasion. Prosopis, Greek name for the burdock, but unknown why it applies to this plant. The generic common name for Prosopis is 'mezquite' in Mexico and 'mesquite' in the USA, originating from the original Nahuatl Indian name from Mexico, 'misquitl' meaning 'bark that tans'. Common names. Identifying and Using Hundreds of Woods Worldwide, POSTER: Worldwide Woods: Ranked by Hardness. Endgrain: Diffuse-porous (or semi-ring-porous); medium to large pores in no specific arrangement, few to moderately numerous; solitary and radial multiples of 2-3; amber-colored deposits occasionally present; narrow to wide rays may be just barely visible without lens, normal spacing; parenchyma vasicentric, lozenge, confluent, and marginal. Qatar, May 29, 2015. A dense canopy of fine leaves makes it a great choice for summer shade. Copyright © 2008-2020 Eric Meier | All Rights Reserved. This results in expansive, impenetrable thickets of this weed. General Information The regulations do not apply to any of the provinces that are not listed here. Conservation & Society Year : 2008, Volume : 6 Issue : 2 Page : 130-140 Summary: Global concern about deforestation caused by fuelwood shortages prompted the introduction of Prosopis juliflora to many tropical areas in the 1970s and 1980s. Spermatophytes. Range: Tropical Africa - Senegal to Chad, Sudan and Uganda. Close-up of … Coelocephalapion gandolfoi, another weevil species that develops on green prosopis pods, was studied for its potential and safety as a seed reducer, and may be introduced into South Africa in the near future to help reduce the invasive potential of this weed. Eukaryota. Prosopis species  have an extensive tap root system (depths of 58m have been recorded). Prices for Prosopis juliflora are in the mid range for an imported tropical hardwood. They were introduced into many countries worldwide and promoted as … Common Names. General Information Prosopis africana is a fairly slow-growing, deciduous tree with an open crown and drooping branches; it can grow from 4 - 20 metres tall[375. Family: Fabaceae Synonyms. Because of their thicket-forming characteristics, they reduce available grazing area and limit ingress to watering points.” Dense infestations would … Synonyms. Prosopis juliflora var. See the articles Wood Allergies and Toxicity and Wood Dust Safety for more information. Description. Mimosa juliflora Sw. Neltuma juliflora (Sw.) Raf. Scientific Name: Prosopis velutina Synonyms: Neltuma velutina, Prosopis articulata, P. chilensis var. Tree Characteristics. Common Name: Mesquite. Prosopis juliflora (Sw.) DC. In South Africa, the common names mesquite or prosopis refer to a group of decidious, leguminous thorn tree species and hybrids, belonging to the genus Prosopis, which is native to South and North America. Prosopis x 'Phoenix' - Thornless South American Hybrid Mesquite Thornless South American Hybrid Mesquite is a fast-growing semi-evergreen tree that grows to 30 feet tall with a 30 foot spread. Inflorescence Photograph by: O. M. Montiel. Prosopis denudans Benth. farcta, stuffed, filled, or solid with tissue softer than the outside. Cellular Organisms. Other species' pods split transversely into one-seeded pod segments. Duration: Perennial, Deciduous Growth Habit: Tree, Shrub Arizona Native Status: Native Habitat: Desert, Upland, Riparian. velutina, P. juliflora Common Name: Velvet Mesquite Plant Characteristics. Growth Rate: 36 Inches per Year. velutina Prosopis chilensis var. It is hardy to zone (UK) 8. Shanta or Honey Mesquite (Prosopis glandulosa) is mostly found in the south west. Honey Mesquite / Shanta (Prosopis glandulosa): Common Names, Chemical Compositions, Medicinal Uses, Used Parts, Dosages Dr. Animesh Das November 06, 2016. Seed is dispersed by animals that browse on the pods, or they are washed away by water during flooding events and then deposited en masse in floodplains. Mesquite /prosopis : Prosopis species (Fabaceae) The weed. It was introduced as a beneficial fodder, fuel and shade tree in the arid regions lacking in indigenous trees. ABBREVIATION : PROVEL SYNONYMS : Prosopis juliflora var. Habitats: Frequently on fallow land, on sandy clayey soils over laterite[418 ]. Therefore, the description and images in this fact sheet may not be representative of this species’ seeds. Tree Size: 20-30 ft (6-9 m) tall, 8-16 in (20-40 cm) trunk diameter. Please turn on JavaScript and try again. glandulosa (Torr.) var. It is a very potent and beneficial herb for the humans. Title Journal of the Arnold Arboretum Vol. (Fabaceae). Prosopis alba is a South American tree species that grows in central Argentina, the Gran Chaco ecoregion, and part of the Argentine Mesopotamia, as well as Bolivia, Paraguay, and Peru. Grain/Texture: Prosopis juliflora has a medium to coarse texture and a slight natural luster. Prosopis juliflora has excellent weathering properties. Prosopis lanceolata Benth. Prosopis is a genus of flowering plants in the pea family, Fabaceae.It contains around 45 species of spiny trees and shrubs found in subtropical and tropical regions of the Americas, Africa, Western Asia, and South Asia. Seeds Photograph by: Tracey Slotta @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database Public domain . FYI: I receive a commission on sales generated through links to Amazon, eBay, etc. Sapwood tends to be narrow and is a pale yellow color. Prosopis juliflora (Sw.) DC. It has become established as a weed in Asia Australia and elsewhere. Native to Central America, Prosopis chilensis is common in Peru, Chile, Argentina and Uruguay.It is naturalized in many African countries as well as in the USA. Fabales . Prosopis cineraria, called Shami, is highly revered among Hindus and worshipped as part of Dasahra festival. juliflora (Sw.) DC, Desmanthus salinarum (Vahl) Steud., Mimosa juliflora Sw.,Mimosa piliflora Sw., Mimosa salinarum Vahl, Neltuma bakeri Britton & Rose, Neltuma juliflora (Sw.) Raf., Neltuma occidenatlis B… Are Rosewoods (and Bubinga) really banned by CITES? It is a sacred tree in Tamil Nadu and common name in Tamil is 'Vanni'. Common Name(s): Honey Mesquite. Web pages were written by a program consisting of several scripts. Tree Size: 20-30 ft (6-9 m) tall, 8-16 in (20-40 cm) trunk diameter. Smaller tree than P. glandulosa.Handsome desert shade tree with proper pruning and age. A dense canopy of fine leaves makes it a great choice for summer shade. A very generic term that has been applied to this species is simply “mesquite”—though in the United States, the term usually refers to Honey Mesquite. Prosopis vidaliana Naves. Chloroplastida. Common Name(s): Honey Mesquite. Plant in full sun. Distribution: Southwestern North America. Spanish settlers gave it that name because of its similarity to the European carob tree (Ceratonia siliqua). Prosopis juliflora var. Several studies in South Africa, and in other countries where mesquite has become invasive, have established that the negative effects of this invasive tree far outweigh its positive attributes. Prosopis juliflora fruticosa Hauman. are aggressive invaders and competitors. Please enable scripts and reload this page. Angiosperms. They often thrive in arid soil and are resistant to drought, on occasion developing extremely deep root systems. juliflora. Odor: Prosopis juliflora is said to have a fragrant odor while being worked. Its uses include forage wood and environmental management. The most prominent invasive forms in South Africa are P. glandulosa var. P. juliflora usually begins to flower and fruit after 2–3 years, but this is highly dependent upon site conditions, as trees as young as 12 months old have been observed to flower in the Sahel and trees 15 years old or more on poor exposed sites have never been seen to flower (Pasiecznik et al., 2001). Native to Arizona, Texas, and Mexico. Prosopis juliflora is an evergreen Tree growing to 10 m (32ft) by 12 m (39ft) at a fast rate. Fruits of Syrian mesquite (Prosopis farcta) taken from Rawdat Al Faras Research Station (RAFRS, or Qatar University Farm) near Al Zubara Road. Rosids. 14. Further information on these first weevils can be found in a short pamphlet [pdf] or a more detailed pamphlet [pdf] and in a more recent review (2011) [pdf] that summarizes the biological control research on this weed. The rationale is to reduce the vast stands of this invasive shrub, and to turn it into sparser, useful, single-stemmed trees, reminiscent of the way in which they grow in their native home, where they are kept in check by several natural enemies that develop on all plant parts. Prosopis cineraria is a multipurpose tree species: provides fodder, fuel, timber, and shade It brings about soil improvement and also helps in sand dune stabilization. Seeds Photograph by: Tracey Slotta @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database Public domain. Allergies/Toxicity: Woods in the Prosopis genus have been reported to cause skin irritation. Developing seedpods Photograph by: J.M.Garg. Call us at 1 315 4971058. Prosopis was actively planted in South Africa over vast areas in the Northern Cape, Western Cape, Free state and North-West Provinces, from the late 1800's, untill as recently as the 1960's. General Notes. Prosopis stenoloba Phil. COMMON NAMES: screwbean mesquite screwbean tornillo TAXONOMY: The currently accepted scientific name of screwbean mesquite is Prosopis pubescens Benth. This enables them to effectively source shallow as well as deep soil water, thus lowering the ground water table and reducing the amount of water that is available to desirable grazing plants and indigenous tree species. Family. The focus of the biocontrol programme against mesquite has therefore now shifted to investigating biocontrol candidates that affect vegetative plant parts. Prosopis juliflora var. … Note the thorns along the stem Photograph by: Forest and Kim Starr. Comments: Prosopis juliflora is known by a multitude of common names, though not one of them seems to be predominant (or intelligible) in the United States. Eudicots. collect. Height: 30 feet. Archaeplastida Adl et al. Acacia cumanensis Willd., Acacia juliflora (Sw.) Willd., Acacia salinarum (Vahl) DC.,Algarobia juliflora (Sw.) Heynh., Algarobia juliflora as defined by George Bentham refers only to the typical variety, Prosopis juliflora var. Effect on threatened fauna? Prosopis juliflora Invasion and Rural Livelihoods in the Lake Baringo Area of Kenya. In particular, they were listed as category 1b species in the Eastern and Western Cape, Free State and North-West Provinces, which means that they have to be controlled, or to be removed and destroyed if possible. Common Name: Pau Carvão. A more detailed description of the plant and the problems it causes can be found in an earlier pamphlet [pdf] while control options for this species are discussed in another pamphlet. Common names in various languages include: Prosopis cineraria (Scientific name) Khejri (खेजड़ी) (Rajasthan) Jant (जांट) (Rajasthan) Two species, Algarobius prosopis and Neltumius arizonensis,  were effectively established in the field. Prosopis dominguensis DC. Scientific Name: Prosopis spp. Thornless South American Hybrid Mesquite is a fast-growing semi-evergreen tree that grows to 30 feet tall with a 30 foot spread. Their wood is usually hard, dense and durable. Leaves Bipinnately Compound, Dark Green, Golden or Yellow or Orange, Deciduous. Common names. Prosopis juliflora (Sw.) DC. Mesquite that is clear and free from defects is easy to work with hand and machine tools, but irregular grain or knots can be challenging. Prosopis juliflora and over 1000 other quality seeds for sale. Prosopis chilensis is a small, deciduous, usually spiny, freely branching tree with a thin, open, rounded crown; it can grow 8 - 15 metres tall. farcta, stuffed, filled, or solid with tissue softer than the outside. The name juliflora comes from julus, meaning 'whip-like', referring to the long inflorescences and flora being the flower. Common Name(s): Prosopis juliflora, Mesquite, Distribution: Mexico, Central and South America, Tree Size: 50-65 ft (15-20 m) tall, 4 ft (1.2 m) trunk diameter, Average Dried Weight: 50 lbs/ft3 (800 kg/m3), Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .63, .80, Modulus of Rupture: 16,750 lbf/in2 (115.5 MPa), Elastic Modulus: 1,759,000 lbf/in2 (12.13 GPa), Crushing Strength: 9,760 lbf/in2 (67.3 MPa), Shrinkage: Radial: 4.6%, Tangential: 8.1%, Volumetric: 12.6%, T/R Ratio: 1.8. Dissected fruit of Syrian mesquite (Prosopis … juliflora. Mature seedpods. Seeds are oriented within the pods either longitudinally, in which the seeds lie flat (like the pod itself) and more or less oblique, or tran… Common name: Mesquite Page 2 of 2 QUESTION COMMENTS REFERENCE RANKING Fauna 13. Longevity 50 to 150 years. Has Deciduous foliage. Recognized by EOL Dynamic Hierarchy 1.1 and EOL Dynamic Hierarchy 1.1. (This is a monthly update, and your email will be kept private.). Sta Prosopis juliflora var. Seed feeding weevils that develop only on ripe prosopis seeds were therefore studied for their safety and released in South Africa. It is known as algarrobo blanco in Spanish, which means "white carob tree". Yellow. Common Name: Pau Carvão. Other similar names are also used, including bayahonde, bayahonda and bayarone, but these may also refer to any other Neotropical member of the genus Prosopis. No trade, propagation or planting is allowed in any of the listed provinces. Prosopis juliflora has a wide range of vernacular names, although no widely used English one except for mesquite, which is used for several species of Prosopis. In South Africa, the common names mesquite or prosopis refer to a group of decidious, leguminous thorn tree species and hybrids, belonging to the genus Prosopis, which is native to South and North America.They were introduced into many countries worldwide and promoted as useful trees in arid areas. Prosopispods have been variously called 'legume', 'drupaceous loment', 'lomentum', or 'camara' by different authors. Additional Common Names Family Fabaceae, Subfamily Mimosoideae NOTE: Only nine seeds of Prosopis denudans were available for examination. Cultivated tree Photograph by: Luigi Guarino. There are no common names associated with this taxon. No Image. (Fabaceae) [9,64,65,102,104,109] LIFE FORM: Tree-shrub FEDERAL LEGAL STATUS: None OTHER STATUS: mesquite. Superrosids. It is called bayahonda blanca in Spanish, bayarone Français in French, and bayawonn in Creole. The name ‘mesquite’ originates from the original Nahuatl Indian name from Mexico, ‘misquitl’ meaning ‘bark that tans’ (Maldonado 1990, in Pasiecznik 2001). Native ... can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Syrian mesquite, yanbout. Average Dried Weight: 51 lbs/ft 3 (820 kg/m 3) Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC):.70, .82. It has a shallow and spreading root system. Prosopis limensis) is a species of mesquite tree.It has the common names kiawe, huarango, and American carob Common Name: Pau Carvão.

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