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how were inca and aztec societies similar

Both the Aztec and the Inca were defeated by Spanish conquistadors. • People from both civilizations believed in sacrifice. Similarities Religion: Both the Incas and Aztecs believed in and worshipped the sun god. Start studying Religion: Compare and Contrast - Aztec, Inca, and Maya. -both had a class of professional merchants known as pochteca -both were loosely structured and unstable conquest states -both encouraged the assimilation of conquered peoples into their societies Similarities. Both Incas and Aztecs participated in human sacrifices, Both were conquered by Spain. A number of differences can be identified between Aztecs and Incas as they are two different civilizations. Activities Crossword Puzzle Word Search Recommended books and references: Aztec, Inca, and Maya an Eyewitness Book by Elizabeth Baquedano. b. ~ Inca had no writing system ; the Aztecs used Hieroglyphics ~ Incas lived in the mountians of Peru and used llamas to help with farming ~ Incas built hundreds of miles of roads ~ Aztecs were more focused around the city of Tenochtitlan Aztec & Olmec Similarities ; ~ Both lasted around 1000 years ~ Both used Heiroglyphics ~ Studied astronomy Both Incas and Aztecs believed in an afterlife and developed specific practices to honor their dead. There were four unlucky attempts to create humans and, eventually, one couple survived by riding out a devastating flood in a box. While both the Aztecs and Incas had similar social hierarchies consisting of the elite, government officials, and commoners, the Aztecs had no structured form of government only paying tributes to officials compared to the Incas’ military ran bureaucracy… Compare And Contrast Inca And Aztec Empires And had built large temples to do the sacrifices in and had built special temples to worship thier god. Her work has appeared in USA Today, the San Francisco Chronicle, The New York Times, and in professional journals and trade publications. The mummies, easily preserved in the dry Andean climate, participated in celebratory processions, were petitioned to intercede with the weather gods, and received regular offerings of food and drink. Inca used quipus for documentation and Aztec used codex. The ancient civilizations of the Americas all had fascinating features, some alike and some different. In the third sun, a rain of fire destroyed humanity and those left behind became birds. Aztec & Inca Empires Were based on managing resources, goods, and people in an economy centered on intensive agriculture. 1. 3. Every art had its own calpulli or guild. Religion : Maya practiced Human Sacrifice and was polytheistic: Aztecs were polytheistic. Even though the Inca and the Aztecs were separate and distinct civilizations, they were both considered agricultural based economies. The Inca, Aztecs, and Mayan are similar from they worshiped gods.As they worshiped god very religiously and did sacrifices with everyone as there are a bunch of ceremonies for there gods for rain crops food. Inca was ruled by Sapa Inca, the emperor who had absolute power. Viracocha sculpted the first men from stone and set them underground to emerge from caves, lakes and rivers into the world. The Aztec religion was polytheistic -- they believed in many gods. Both the Aztec and Inca had calendars of their own. Crawford has a degree in theater, is a certified Prana Yoga instructor, and writes about fitness, performing and decorative arts, culture, sports, business and education . The empire was already severely weakened by civil war and diseases such as smallpox when Pizarro arrived. Aztec priests ritually murdered sacrificial victims by cutting out their beating hearts on altars or platforms set at the tops of pyramids. Both the Inca and Aztec civilizations have similarities in religion, politics and social structure. Well first of all, both the Inca and the Aztec performed human sacrifices to the gods. Another American civilization was the Aztec civilization. Rulers were sometimes buried in pyramids with practical and precious grave goods, accompanied by real dogs or canine statues to help them navigate to the underworld. The Aztec, Maya, and Inca all farmed but had different techniques. Archaeological evidence in Teotihuacan, Mexico revealed the remains of over 100 Aztec warriors buried beneath the foundations of the temple of Quetzalcoatl, most likely as guardians to safeguard the temple. The nobles in the calpulli provided the raw materials and the artists created the finished works—the magnificent stone carvings, jewelry, elaborate ritual costumes for the great religious ceremonies and feather shirts, cloaks and headdresses. At the end of the first sun, tigers devoured the people; in the second sun, a fierce wind blew away most of the people and the survivors were turned into monkeys. Both had very developed civilization. The economic systems of early American societies were very similar. This emperor was also the empire’s religious leader. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Maya Aztec Inca Location Modern Day countries of: Guatemala, Mexico, But the Aztecs were quick to incorporate indigenous minor gods into their pantheon. (Aztec by Herman Cortes, Inca by Francisco Pizarro). In what way were the Aztec and Inca empires similar? However, sacrifices were done by the thousands in the Aztec Empire. The Aztecs built floating gardens while the Maya burnt down forests to plant gardens and the Inca farmed steep areas by building terraces. In the era of the Aztecs, royalty were the holders of the throne, and their empires were quite similar to those in European history. Aztecs settled in Mexico where they placated the sun god and built pyramids. Aztecs were later arrivals. But the big takeaway here is near the end of the Aztec civilization, as we get to the 100 years before the conquistadors arrive, you have this empire form. Both of the civilizations have got their differences as they have evolved differently. The Incas placed Initi, t… Were originally clan based. The local rulers and conquered people had to pay tax to the Aztec. They followed the sun and the god of the sun. They all used the same resources for building Adobe was one of the biggest resources for houses throughout the inca aztec and mayan empires. Learn more about ancient American cultures at HISTORY.com. Inca's empire was more vast than the Aztec. Inca sacrificial victims, preserved for thousands of years at the freezing tops of sacred mountains in the Andes, were typically teenagers or children. Aztecs assigned the underworld several levels and a soul would arrive in one depending on its fate and occupation at death. Life and death were seen as an endless continuum with the soul migrating between mummified remains and carved stone effigies of the dead. While both the Aztecs and Incas had similar social hierarchies consisting of the elite, government officials, and commoners, the Aztecs had no structured form of government only paying tributes to officials compared to the Incas’ military ran bureaucracy… 2005. The Aztecs, Mayans and Incas were three highly developed ancient civilizations. The Aztec and Incan civilizations were founded later, … Some archaeologists theorize that the sacrifices of children may have been made to appease the volcanic mountains, and that the mountains themselves were considered powerful gods. Aztec was ruled by an Emperor whose main purpose was to lead in the wars. One Aztec founding myth is of the goddess Omeciuatl who birthed an obsidian knife which fell to earth, shattering into 1600 gods. The Aztecs and Incas were religiously similar because their gods and the religious following were connected deeply with nature and how the world around them. The Incas ruled their empire with a centralized government. Viracocha had similar challenges establishing an Inca race from clay or stone and destroying his flawed versions. As for the Incas the most important gods were; Into the sun god and Viracocha the creator or in other words the father in all of the gods who created the earth and all other planets. Many Aztec families and even villages were devoted to providing artwork for Aztec nobles. The blood flowed down the pyramid steps, a striking image for the observers below and a compelling enough offering to keep the sun rising and setting each day. The Aztecs were nomads that were instructed by Huitzilopochtli, the Aztec sun and war god, to head south in search of an eagle on a cactus with a snake in its mouth. The Aztecs believed that if they fed the god blood the sun would rise. The Aztecs and the Inca people developed striking civilizations -- and complex religious systems -- in very different parts of the Americas. Society : Both Aztec and Inca possessed a society ordered in hierarchies, the nobility being the most important sector Among the Aztecs the most recognized were military leaders, priests and civil servants, who were part of the Pipiltin class; while the rest were part of the common people called macehualtin. One of these societies, the Mayans, lived in southern Mexico and northern Central America from the 3rd to the 10th century CE, and they relied on the trade of goods such as obsidian and crops such as cacao beans. The Incas placed Initi, the sun god, in the center of their divinities, joined by Illapa, a god of the thunderbolt who rattled the heavens and sent hail, and by Viracocha who raised mountains, and created and handed down laws for humans to follow. The similarity between the Aztecs, Mayans and Incas is that all had control of massive empires that eventually ceased to exist. Both their archaic common background and their mutual influences in later times account for the numerous points of resemblance between their cultures and societies, the most striking resemblances being found in matters of religion. The Incas and Aztecs had a. Prezi. But the Aztecs were quick to incorporate indigenous minor gods into their pantheon. “Almost all religions in the ancient Andes was deeply connected to nature and to the success of farming. Benna Crawford has been a journalist and New York-based writer since 1997. At the end of the penultimate sun, a great flood washed over the earth and one man and one woman were left to repopulate the planet. Both empires were destroyed by Spanish conquistadors but left traces of their culture that tell us about their beliefs. Compare and contrast the Mayan, Aztec, and Incan societies, include: religion, culture, economics, politics, and technology. Benna Crawford - Updated September 29, 2017, Copyright 2020 Leaf Group Ltd. / Leaf Group Education, Explore state by state cost analysis of US colleges in an interactive article, University of Minnesota Hispanic Issues: The After-life of Inka Rulers, Arizona State University: News and Studies on Mesoamerica, "LaRousee World Mythology"; editor Pierre Grimal. The locations were in different areas - Inca lived in the Andes Mountains and Aztec resided in the Mexico Valley. Huitzilopochtli, the sun, was a primary god who protected the early Aztecs as they wandered in Mexico, looking for a homeland. They both practiced and participated in human sacrifices. a. Though, both these civilizations are Pre-European in their origin, it is the Native American people who have marvelous accomplishments in the history. Both the Aztec and the Inca were New World empires. This sheet down below shows you a simple venn diagram of the Aztec and Incan qualities and their similarities. The Olmec, Mayan, Incan, and Aztec civilizations are some of the greatest ancient civilizations in history, and yet we know very little about them compared to other parts of the world. 8. They also Inca and Aztec societies were similar in that both (A) developed from Mayan civilization (B) acquired empires by means of military conquest (C) independently developed iron technology (D) depended entirely on oral record keeping Alignment with Curriculum Framework Key Concept Theme Skill 3.2.I.D (page 47) Theme 3: State-Building, Expansion, and Conflict. Inca and Aztec societies were similar in that both (A) developed from Mayan civilization (B) acquired empires by means of military conquest (C) independently developed iron technology (D) depended entirely on oral record keeping Alignment with Curriculum Framework Key Concept Theme Skill 3.2.I.D (page 47) Theme 3: State-Building, Expansion, and Conflict. Sign in|Recent Site Activity|Report Abuse|Print Page|Powered By Google Sites. Mummies were considered to be the actual person they were before death. The Aztec and Inca Empires. Aztec & Inca Empires: Compared Aztecs 1200s to 1520s Inca 1430s to 1530s 2. Although the pyramid designs were distinct, both cultures constructed geometrically precise pyramids out of stone, with their sides aligned on a north-south axis and their exteriors decorated with carvings of snakes -- representing Kukulcan/Quetzalcoatl -- and other divine figures. Both Incas and Aztecs participated in human sacrifices. One Aztec founding myth is of the goddess Omeciuatl who birthed an obsidian knife which fell to earth, shattering into 1600 gods. Unlike the neighboring Mayans, which were … Ancient America was the home of many large, advanced civilizations including the Maya, Inca, Olmec and Aztec societies. Huitzilopochtli, the sun, was a primary god who protected the early Aztecs as they wandered in Mexico, looking for a homeland. The Aztec religion was polytheistic -- they believed in many gods. their capital and other areas within the empire. Both were conquered by Spain. Aztec and Inca rituals included human sacrifice, in both cultures the offerings were made to seek favor from the gods. The first Mayan settlements were founded around 1800 B.C., with the great Mayan cities being built starting in 250 A.D. Other than that common factor, the groups all had different ways of life and unique languages, political agendas, religious views and ways to provide for their people. This empire which starts as an alliance of city-states but eventually becomes a tributary empire. Explain the rise and fall of the Mayan, Aztec, and Inca Empires. The Mesoamerican ballgame was a sport with ritual associations played since at least 1650 BCE by the pre-Columbian people of Ancient Mesoamerica.The sport had different versions in different places during the millennia, and a newer more modern version of the game, ulama, is still played by the indigenous populations in some places. The Inca were conquered by the Spanish and conquistador Francisco Pizarro in 1533. Aztecs and Incas are two of the great civilizations of South America. • Mayans were a far better civilization as they had a different approach to scientific processes. Aztecs believed in sacrifice of human whereas Mayans believed in offering blood as a sacrifice. • Mayans were the first to come and settle in modern-day Mexico. Incas erected palatial residences in the high altitudes of the Andes, read the night sky and were known as the children of the sun. The Inca, Mayan, Mississippian, and Aztec Civilizations Credits The Aztec Civilization 2 They spoke Nahuatl is their language and is still spoken today! 8.    What is a quipus and what is a codex? Aztec & Inca Empires Were both based on earlier civilizations and cultures. The Olmecs are frequently forgotten entirely, and the rest are often lumped together or confused, but they were all completely distinct. Creation, for both the Incas and the Aztecs, was a process, not a single event. … The Aztec people were racially diverse, but the government was not strictly regulated - in fact, the Aztec ruling system was inclined to pay tribute. Aztecs believed that there were four "suns" or eras and that each ended in catastrophe before the final, successful creation of humans. Pre-conquest Incas mummified important rulers and ancestors and kept them around -- either in their residences or in caves believed to be passageways between worlds. 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Who birthed an obsidian knife which fell to earth, shattering into 1600 gods empire a. Conquered people had to pay tax to the Aztec religion was polytheistic -- believed... Cutting out their beating hearts on altars or platforms set at the of! By the thousands in the wars gardens and the god of the Mayan..., Maya, Inca, the sun would rise origin, it a! Religious systems -- in very different parts of the goddess Omeciuatl who birthed an obsidian knife which to!

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